A law on retaliatory measures up to a complete blocking of Internet resources for restricting access to materials from Russian media for example beurette telegram could induce these corporations to negotiate, believes Vladimir Solovyov, chairman of the Union of Journalists of Russia.
“I somehow doubt the blocking, but I’m not an expert in Internet technologies, nevertheless, I remember the attempt to block Telegram, and now Roskomnadzor also has its own Telegram channel,” Solovyov told Interfax.
“I think that such an attempt can be successful, since they understand everything and where they need it, where it concerns their earnings and business, they make concessions, go to communication, as, for example, it happens in China. China blocks some resources, and allows some to work, “he said.
Solovyov noted that he does not call for copying the Chinese model of Internet regulation and building the Great Chinese Firewall. He noted that in this case, it is the Internet giants “who are working against freedom of speech and the dissemination of information that they do not like.”
“We are solely for the fact that any information, if it is not prohibited by law, could be available to readers, viewers and listeners,” the head of the UJR assured.
According to him, the Commission on Freedom of Expression and the Rights of Journalists of the Presidential Council for Human Rights analyzed the topic of censorship of Internet giants and came to the conclusion that “not only in Russia, but in many countries of the world: European countries, Asia, Latin America, anywhere – Internet giants like YouTube or Facebook block content at their own discretion, without explaining why they do it. ”
“Despite the fact that they work from the territory of the United States, where one of the most sacred tenets is the First Amendment to the Constitution on freedom of speech, nevertheless, in many countries of the world, including Russia, these Internet giants openly violate freedom of speech, and in many cases, for example, in Russia, it was noticeable that they were engaged in open political censorship, when, for example, they blocked the speech of the President of Russia or blocked those resources that criticize the situation with the elections, for example, in the West, “Solovyov said.
To combat these measures, he said, a proposal was made to post content not only, for example, on YouTube, but also on Russian resources.
“The second option is what we are talking about: slowing down the work of Internet giants in Russia, slowing down traffic if, in fact, they do not agree on their restrictions. Because for them, probably, this is also sufficient a vulnerable thing, their audience in Russia is huge, although not so large in comparison with the world audience, “Solovyov believes.
On November 19, Senator Alexei Pushkov and six State Duma deputies, including Anton Gorelkin and Sergei Boyarsky, submitted to the Duma a bill on sanctions for Internet portals for restricting access to materials from Russian media and for violating the right to freedom of information in Russian. Facebook, Twitter and YouTube may fall under the new law.
Roskomnadzor called the goal of this initiative to protect the rights of citizens to information. The department believes that foreign Internet companies, when operating in Russia and providing services to Russian citizens, should not substitute their rules for Russian laws.
Roskomnadzor tried in the spring of 2018 to block the Telegram messenger by the decision of the Tagansky Court of Moscow. The service was punished for failing to comply with Russian legislation on providing the FSB with keys to decrypt user messages. Due to attempts to block Telegram, third-party Internet resources suffered.
In June 2020 of this year, Roskomnadzor, in agreement with the Prosecutor General’s Office, refused to restrict access to the messenger after the creator of Telegram, Pavel Durov, announced his readiness to fight terrorism. On November 13, Roskomnadzor launched its own Telegram channel.